Here’s a guide to commonly administered shots your cat needs to stay protected:
1. FVRCP Vaccine: This is a combination vaccine that protects against three diseases: feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia. These diseases attack the respiratory system and can cause fever, sneezing, coughing, and even death. The FVRCP vaccine is usually given to kittens at 8, 12, and 16 weeks of age and then given as a booster once every 1-3 years.
2. Rabies Vaccine: The rabies vaccine is required by law in many states and is crucial to your cat’s health. Rabies is a viral disease that affects the nervous system and is spread through bites from infected animals. It is fatal once symptoms appear, so it’s important to vaccinate your cat against it. The first rabies vaccine is given at 12-16 weeks of age and should be given as a booster every 1-3 years.
3. Feline Leukemia Vaccine: Feline leukemia is a viral disease that can lead to various health problems, including anemia, cancer, and immune system disorders. It’s especially important to vaccinate kittens and cats who go outside, as they are more likely to come into contact with infected cats. The vaccine is usually given at 8-12 weeks of age and should be given as a booster yearly for cats at risk.
4. Feline Infectious Peritonitis Vaccine: Feline infectious peritonitis is a viral disease that affects the gastrointestinal system, kidneys, and immune system. There is no cure for this disease, so prevention through vaccination is essential. The vaccine is typically given to kittens and cats at high risk for the disease and should be given as a booster yearly.
5. Chlamydia and Bordetella Vaccine: These vaccines protect against bacterial infections that can cause respiratory illnesses in cats. They are usually recommended for kittens and cats who live in areas with high levels of infection.
In conclusion, vaccinations are crucial to your cat’s health and well-being. By keeping up with your cat’s vaccination schedule, you can help prevent infectious diseases, keep them healthy, and ensure they live a long and happy life. Always consult with your veterinarian about which vaccinations are best suited for your feline friend.